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MODBUS Termination. To Add or Not To Add?

The question whether or not to add a termination resistor comes up during a good number of MODBUS installations.

Yet there to be no hard and fast rule as to when a resistor needs to be installed. Much depends on the type and length of MODBUS cabling and the total resistances/capacitances of the loaded MODBUS.

When  wiring MODBUS devices, make sure you run the bus from device to device. The intent is to avoid long ‘drops’ from the main bus.

MODBUS_termination_start

Termination resistors are typically added at both ends of the MODBUS wiring (in front of the first device, and after the last device connected to the bus).

MODBUS_termination_end

Here are a few guidelines which we usually provide in such cases. Install a termination resistor if:

  • you notice a large number of MODBUS INIT messages popping up in the ecoSENTRY logs,
  • the MODBUS cabling length exceeds what you would normally run within a shelter,
  • your wiring goes outside or between shelters,
  • the cabling involves a few cross connects,
  • you happen to have long drops from the ‘main bus’,
  • or you have a good number of MODBUS sensors connected to the same bus.

The MODBUS specifications call for termination resistors (120 to 150 ohms, 0.25W) on both ends.

MODBUS_term_resistor

The T:LAN features a built in resistor that can be controlled via software.

fig_tlan_modbus_term_resistor

For a quick test, you can enable/disable the termination on the T:LAN side by logging into the T:LAN, then navigating to the CRAFT/SERIAL AND SDC MENU. Use the MODBUS T-[R]esistor option to switch the resistor on/off.

Photo Credit: Alex Iby on Unsplash
Ralf Doewich

Optima Tele.com, Inc.

Installation Guide, Tech Tips

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